How is CBD oil made?
CBD oil is becoming one of the most popular health supplements in the world. Slowly but surely this “super supplement” is taking off the recreational cannabis mask as it becomes recognized for its seemingly impossible ability to treat everything from aches and pains to cancer-related matters. Once confused with the drug that gives a high, CBD Oil is gaining notoriety for what it truly is and as research continues more and more people are beginning to trust it and use it. But how is CBD oil actually made?
It starts with the planting
To begin the process of making CBD oil, hemp or cannabis plants that are high in CBD need to be planted. Once matured, these plants need to be dried for the oil to be extracted. Grown on a large scale, the vast majority of CBD oil is produced from hemp that is harvested in a similar fashion to wheat or corn with a combine harvester.
Extracting the CBD
The most important part of the CBD oil production process is extraction. This is the part of the process where the oils, nutrients, lipids and other important elements of the product are separated from the stalks, leaves, and flowers of the hemp plant.
The most common CBD extraction method is supercritical CO2 process. Considered the safest, most reliable and most efficient method of CBD extraction the process meets statutory food processing standards and meets commercial standards worldwide. In this process, non-toxic CO2 liquid is used as a solved and is forced through the ground hemp plant to separate the essential elements from the rest of the material.
Once passed through, the CO2 liquid and essential elements of CBD oil are easily separated leaving a highly concentrated CBD liquid.
Before the final stage in the manufacturing process, the CBD oil needs to be tested. This stage varies between manufacturers but is essential to prove reliability and ensure the safety of the CBD oil before reaching the market. Experts thoroughly test the oil concentrate for degradation, damage and contamination to ensure only the highest-quality CBD oil enters the final stage of the manufacturing process. Consumer safety is of paramount importance.
The final stage of CBD Manufacture
The entire process of CBD production is tightly controlled and managed from growing through harvesting through extraction, testing and then the final stage. The final stage of CBD manufacture is called decarboxylation. This important stage makes CBD oil easier for the human body to absorb. Using a special heat treatment decarboxylation makes the cannabinoids vastly more effective, working almost immediately with the endocannabinoid receptors in the human body. This latest development in the production of CBD oil often distinguishes the higher quality CBD oil products from the rest.
CBD oil is presented in a number of different formats for both for human and animal use. The most common form is simply CBD oil that is used as is and is taken orally on its own or with food. CBD oil with vitamins using hemp or even olive oil as a carrier in capsule form is also becoming more common place. Different strengths of CBD are also available that generally range between 5% and 40% CBD.
CBD is also used topically for skin disorders in a cream form or just as an oil. CBD acne and excema treatments are particularly common in this easy to apply format. There are also oral sprays that contain CBD oil that can be used to treat oral inflammation of sore throats.
CBD is formulated for use in dogs and cats too, especially for arthritic or older animals where CBD treats pain and inflammation.
There are growing numbers of health foods, supplements and skin creams that contain CBD extracts and the CBD oil in these products goes through the same highly controlled manufacturing process.
With such a large and growing number of CBD products on the market today it is advisable to research your product of choice fully in when using CBD to treat a medical disorder professional medical advice should be sought. Research and studies into CBD oil are still very much in the infancy, the production process is continually being improved and keeping up to date with developments in CBD use is extremely worthwhile.
Ron Goedeke MD, BSc Hons MBChB, FNZCAM
Dr. Ron Goedeke, specialises in alternative and functional medicine and sees huge medical potential in cannabis based extracts such as CBD. With over 20 years of experience in the anti-aging field, Dr Ron Goedeke is recognized as one of New Zealand’s leaders in this new and growing field of medicine.